عنوان مقاله [English]
At the end of the lease contract, the tenant must vacate the property. However, in certain cases, even after the end of the contract, the legal rules may entitle him to continue his possession and do not recognize the lessor’s right to evict him. Therefore, despite the silence of the Civil Code, it can be said that if the lessee has created constructions (building, planting trees, digging a well, etc.) with the lessor’s permission, the latter one cannot evict him from the property at the end of the contract, because people invest (construct a building) thinking that the legal system supports their reasonable expectations, and the lack of sufficient support for this expectation will destroy the incentive to invest and will have harmful effects on the economy. Also, in cases where due to the lack of legal permission for transferring endowed properties, the ownership documents of individuals have been annulled by special laws, the law recognizes them the right of priority in possession and the lessor cannot demand for their eviction unless the extension of the contract is not compatible with endowment’s interest.