عنوان مقاله [English]
whistleblowing is one of the important tools in fighting corruption and strengthening transparency and justice in societies. Considering the limitations and shortcomings of official supervision, the need to discover organized and systematic corruption, facilitate the process of investigation and prosecution, promote transparency and public trust, encourage prevention and fight against corruption, pay attention and focus on criminal policies. Participation has increased as a legal tool to encourage and support whistleblowers and strengthen whistleblowing. Iran's legal system took its first step in this field by offering financial support to whistleblowers, but its action is only based on the support aspect. Therefore, in an efficient and systematic manner, it has not been able to use the functions and capacities of the collaborative criminal policy in relation to the disclosure of corruption as it should and deserves; Because the use of collaborative criminal policy capacities requires other efficient and systematic legal measures and platforms. For this purpose, the current research, based on descriptive and analytical methods and based on library sources, concludes that the use of collaborative criminal policy capacities with the fundamental and fundamental challenge of the lack of measures and criteria for determining the scope of the whistleblower, the scope of the whistleblower, the method of whistleblowing is to protect the whistleblower, which is neglected in the mentioned plan. In this regard, the present research, while explaining and analyzing the challenges facing the legislator, in the light of the solutions adopted by other leading and pioneering countries in this field, provides measures and criteria to overcome the challenges. It helps to facilitate the legalization of corruption disclosure in Iran's legal system.