نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ملایر، ملایر، ایران
2 قاضی دادگستری، دکتری حقوق کیفری و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The method of determining punishment for perpetrator of various crimes has always been the subject of theoretical discussions and legislative developments. In the latest developments resulting from The Law on Reducing the Imprisonment, passed on May 12, 2020, the Iranian legislatore has issued different rules on distinguishing between "different" crimes and non-different crimes in the case of material multiplicity of crimes, but refuses to set criteria for separating these two categories of crimes. This has led to a divergence of views and procedures in this regard. In this article, four criteria for identifying different crimes have been explained and criticized by descriptive-analytical method. Unification of criminal title, unification of legal element, unification of constituent elements of crime, unification of constituent elements and punishment. Finally, according to the advantages and disadvantages of each of these interpretations, the criterion of unification of the constituent elements and punishment in order to comply with the principles of criminal law and narrow interpretation of criminal texts, more than other interpretations, is considered a legislator and as an autonomous view, has been introduced.