نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه اخلاق، دانشگاه قرآن و حدیث، قم، ایران
2 استادیار گروه معارف، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران
3 دانشجوی دکتری فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی (واحد محلات)، محلات، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The main issue of the court is the realization of the right, not the termination of the case. Therefore, the judge must use all kinds of arguments and ways to discover the truth. This requires judicial ijtihad, which is different from jurisprudential ijtihad. It depends on whether the judge can look for evidence to find out the truth, and whether the search for evidence has a place in judicial ijtihad. In this article, we have examined this issue based on the paradigm of judicial ijtihad. The method is descriptive-analytical and in the field of jurisprudential and legal ideas and thougths. For this discussion, first the validity of the knowledge of the judge in jurisprudence and law has been discussed and then the position and role of studying evidence in the knowledge of the judge from the perspective of jurisprudence and law has been examined. The result is the permission and obligation of the judge to study the evidence based on the paradigm of judicial ijtihad, which requires a change in the way judges are educated and the use of new methods of experimental sciences in detecting crime and achieving reality.