نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
دانشیار گروه حقوق، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
A comparative study of emergency law with a look at the management of COVID-19 disease; from legal foundations to imposing criminal intervention
Given that one of the main functions of the political system is to protect citizens and ensure their security in the face of various accidents and dangers, regulating the mechanism of governing society in emergency situations is considered as a right and duty of the government. Emergencies change the normal course of life and require appropriate action. However, in a democratic political system, government actions in emergencies also need to be bound by law and procedures designed to manage the situation. Emergency rights are governed by regulations, management structure and procedures, and how the law is enforced in an emergency. In this article, with analytical-interpretive method, in examining the question that according to the models of dealing with the emergency situation in the law of the studied countries, is there an efficient legal system in Iranian law for managing emergency situations? The findings of the study indicate that although the existence of the mechanism of the Supreme National Security Council solves the problem of prescribed regulations and unforeseen conditions and the formation of the National Corona headquarters and the implementation of its resolutions are justified by the same logic, but according to Article 79 of the Constitution, and Benefiting from the experience of different countries, it is necessary to formulate emergency law. Comprehensive and efficient regulations that, by their automatic implementation, while managing the affairs of the country in an emergency situation, have the authority to make special regulations appropriate to the emergency situation and are responsible for regulating violations and determining the responsible body to ensure the certainty of law enforcement.