نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دپارتمان حقوق، دانشگاه مفید، قم، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه حقوق خصوصی، دپارتمان حقوق، دانشگاه مفید، قم، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Bring an action is with the petitioner, therefore determining the title of action is dependent on the decision of plaintiff. The legislator has not, except in exceptional cases, chosen the mandatory titles for civil actions and has assigned the choice of title of action to the plaintiff due to the unlimited examples of civil actions and because of the base and nature of action. Therefore, the prosecutors are required to recognize the decision of the plaintiff to name their action. However, the title of the plaintiff is different from the one that is common for action or the legislator has used. In fact, the principle is on the authority of plaintiff to determine the title of a civil action unless the legislator itself specifies the elements and the title of the action, in which case the elective title of the legislator is mandatory. The principle of mastery of parties on the thematic directions of action and the principle of hearing action confirms the authority of plaintiff in determining civil action. In this article, the existence of this principle in the civil proceedings is investigated and confirmed.