عنوان مقاله [English]
The "uniformity of the judicial precedent", according to the provisions of Article 161 of the Constitution, is one of the aims of our judicial system. There are various ways to create uniformity of the judicial precedent, including issuance of Decision as a Unified Judicial Precedent. Both the Supreme Court and the Administrative Justice Court have the legal authority to issue of Decision as a Unified Judicial Precedent, and so far, many of the two chambers have issued Decisions. However, the Decisions as a Unified Judicial Precedent faces many challenges that, given the important position of these Decisions in our legal-judicial system, it is necessary to address these challenges. The first step in achieving this goal is to identify the challenges that are the subject of this paper. The main question of this article is: What are the challenges facing the Decisions as a Unified Judicial Precedent? The results of this descriptive and analytical study show that some of the challenges of this institution are structured in nature, which can be inconsistent with the constitution, the lack of religious and constitutional supervision, the multiplicity of issuers and overlapping subordinates, inaccurate basics of Decisions, Lack of coverage of out-of-Decision conflicts. The unclear timing of entry into force and the extent of their impact on the past can be mentioned. Others are rooted in the functioning of the issuing authority, which points to Non-Sufficiency, Not timely, non-compliance with Choosing more important things, and lack of Strength.