نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
استادیار گروه حقوق خصوصی و اسلامی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The individualization of criminal writ petitions in the international arena, such the use of celebrities’ identities in commercial advertising has increased nowadays. Legal systems have also tried to protect the rights of these individuals from being used without their permission. For example, according to the United States of America’s law, right of pre-emption is recognized. Publicity Right means that exploitation of another personality with his permission. Although the scope of this right includes both celebrities and ordinary people, but it is claimed mainly by famous people to fence their interests. Although there is no doubt about this right but there are disagreements over its realm: “Can an exception be made for this right or, any possible use of another personality is subject to the permission of the person?” In American law, full implementation of this right is known as a violation of freedom of expression. For this reason, this right has been modified and, in particular, its boundaries have been defined by freedom of expression. The most important challenge in this direction is determining the criteria for distinguishing the realm of the right. Various criteria are presented for this purpose. The most important criterion is the theory of fair use. Accordingly, if a person changes the identity of a celebrity and transform it into another form or, if the intention of the individual is to disseminate information about a famous person, his action will be justified. In fact, in these two cases, the right of publicity will be sacrificed at the expense of more important value: freedom of speech. In this article, we are trying to provide suggestions for the Iranian legal system by studying the USA legal system.
Whaley, Sean d., (2009), I'm A Highway Star: An Outline For A Federal Right Of Publicity, hastings comm. & ent. L.j., vol31.