نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق عمومی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
2 پژوهشگر پژوهشگاه قوۀ قضائیه، دانشجوی دکتری حقوق عمومی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Prevention and management of conflict of interest in the judicial system is one of the ways to reduce corruption in both judicial and political-administrative system. Different countries often anticipate and control conflicts of interest in justice system. Countries like the Islamic Republic of Iran, the United States of America and the United Kingdom each have some laws and regulations in their legal system. By comparing the approach of the mentioned countries, it can be concluded that the early identification of the concept of conflict of interest by the United States and Great Britain, has led to drafting, adopting and enforcing the laws much earlier in regard to Iran. Thus the conflict of interest in the judicial system of these countries has been decreasing. Judicial and public officials have also had a great deal of interest in managing conflicts of interest by knowing and understanding this issue. But in Iranian legal system, the independent concept of conflict of interest has not yet succeeded in finding its proper position in the laws. As a result, the country has not witnessed a significant process of managing conflicts of interest in the judicial system. Nonetheless, disparate laws and regulations that involve preventing and combating conflicts of interest have failed to provide effective management of conflicts of interest in the absence of some of the key elements in managing this issue, such as declaring assets or supporting effective disclosures. The lack of comprehensive legislation and the effective and transparent implementation of existing laws, bring more to the current problems of conflict management in the justice system.