نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 قاضی دادگستری، دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Advances in science and technology have created amazing developments in the field of evidence to prove criminal cases, so that in parallel with the traditional evidence, a range of new evidence has emerged, all of which are effective in discovering the truth and obtaining the satisfaction of the judicial authority and making a fair and just decision on his part. Among these arguments, the use of polygraphy has become common in some legal systems, which can be effective in determining the truth or falsity of the speech of each of the actors in the litigation process. Relying on this technique, the legal systems have opposed it by claiming to protect the rights of the accused and have considered its use in conflict with some rights and the principles justifying those rights. Their claim is that polygraphy is in conflict with the defendant's right to silence, inherent dignity and psychological privacy, while first of all, performing polygraphy is subject to the consent of the accused and the person will never be forced to undergo this test. Expressing this consent will remove the objection of ignoring the right of the accused to remain silent and interfering with his psychological privacy. On the other hand, it is not always possible to imagine a negative function for polygraphy towards the accused. Polygraphy has a dual nature; while it may be a way of convicting the accused, it may be a way of proving his innocence. Also, the need to protect the rights of society and victims of crime and the preference of public interests over the private interests of individuals requires that by standardizing polygraphy as a sound scientific reason and its implementation by experts to the most important goal of the criminal process is the establishment Justice is achieved.