عنوان مقاله [English]
The history of legal institutions, for instance administrative law institutions, is one of the unknown issues in Iranian legal discussions. Study the history of institutions can help analyze their status and problems. The subject of this article is a historical analysis of the establishment of one of the legal institutions in Iran, Which at that time, like France, was called the Council of State. In the exist sources in Iran about the history of the Court of Administrative Justice in Iran, there is only a brief reference to the law of the State Council of 1339. But the issue of establishing a Council of State since the victory of constitutionalism has been an issue for Iranians. This article by descriptive-analytical method and review of historical documents seeks to examine the question of what attempt have been made from the first parliament to the end of the Qajar era to establish a Council of State in Iran. In this article, by study of the exist sources such as the works of Qajar writers, government decrees, parliamentary laws, government programs and detailed parliamentary debates, we have concluded that There was a correct understanding of this institution and its competencies. But the fear that this institution would contribute to the tyranny and power of the monarchy prevented the establishment of this institution.