نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دکتری حقوق خصوصی، استادیار دانشگاه تریت مدرس
2 دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دانشیار دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
3 دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دانشیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
4 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
عنوان مقاله [English]
Sometimes people establish Commercial companies to pursue their fraudulent purposes under the veil of legal personality of the company. The law of Iran has not predicted a solution for this legal dilemma. In other legal systems such as English legal system, the courts confront these kinds of fraudulent acts under the famous doctrine of “Piercing the Corporate Veil” by authorizing the creditor of the company which assets are not sufficient to compensate the credit, to withdraw the limited liability rule and recover its respective claims from the assets and property of the fraudulent partner)s). In this research, we try to investigate and recognize this concept in the Law of Iran. The result of this research shows that within the English legal system, fraudulous use of the commercial company form will undoubtedly entail to the withdrawal of the corporate veil and unlimited liability of the fraudulent partner(s); however, some matters such as the legal sanctions, and also the concept of unfair actions, are still under dispute. As a result of this research it is also indicated that in our domestic legal system relying upon the doctrine of “fraud” it is possible to impede the validity of fraudulent acts of partner(s) and exceptionally rule on the unlimited liability of these people towards the company creditors.