نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه حقوق خصوصی و اسلامی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this article, the facilitation of causation in medical accidents has been studied comparatively in Iranian and French law with emphasis on the jurisprudence of the two countries. The purpose of this study was to show the constructive role of French judicial procedure in the evolution of the legal system of this country and to provide constructive solutions to facilitate causation in medical accidents and to use the solutions provided for the Iranian legal and judicial system. By descriptive-analytical research method and by studying the jurisprudence, it was concluded that French courts have facilitated the causal relationship by using the presumption of attribution of damages or causality, the negation of other causes, equality of causes and conditions and the theory of loss of opportunity. . The jurisprudence of our country has also used some of these solutions, although in a more limited way and mainly in the case of infected blood. However, further use of these legal solutions is necessary in our country to establish a causal relationship in various areas of medical accidents and compensation of victims. Therefore, the use of these solutions as a judicial authority is proposed to the courts.