نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق قضایی، دانشگاه علوم قضایی و خدمات اداری، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق قضایی، دانشگاه علوم قضایی و خدمات اداری، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Cryptocurrencies are a decentralized form of digital currency which are presented with new technology identify the nature of cryptocurrencies are closely related to recognizing the technical structure of each of its types. Therefore, offering a unit nature in spite of various types are not possible and it is objectionable. Cryptocurrencies or species of intangible property or in case of extending of this concept to intangible property, it's considered as property which have customary and juridical pecuniary. Although cryptocurrencies theoretically and fundamentally have the functions of money but under monetary law as a currency need to identified by governments. Some types of currency codes such as national cryptocurrencies which created by countries they have this identification but other type, as long as they aren’t recognized in laws, doesn't considered as money and they are just digital assets. Some types of currency codes mean tokens that issued in the first coin presentation are matched with conception of securities. In this regard, several resolutions have been issued as yet but majority of them are incomplete and out of bounds. Therefore, its essential for the country's legislative authorities to enter this field and prepare a comprehensive law.