نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق، دانشکدۀ الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران
2 استادیار گروه حقوق، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه بینالمللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Duress as one of the obstacles to criminal Liability is mentioned in Article 151 of the Islamic Penal Code. According to this article, in ta'zir, the duressor is sentenced to the punishment of the perpetrator. In Hodoud and Qesas, they are sentenced according to the relevant regulations. Although this article refers the duressor's sentence to the relevant regulations, but nowhere in the Islamic Penal Code is this presumption mentioned and in fact the law is silent in this regard.
The main question of this research is what is the punishment of a duressor in Hodoud (for example, duress another to drink intoxicants)? In this article, we will analyze lawyers' opinions and jurists' fatwas in this regard with an analytical-interpretive method.
The results of the research indicate that due to the silence of the legislator in this regard and also the lack of an explicit jurisprudential text or fatwa in this regard, different approaches to punish the duressor will be conceivable.
Finally, it can be consider as a accessory and be punished by article 127 of the Islamic Penal Code