عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Bill of lading is one of the commercial documents that is used in marine transportation and has gained increasing importance and like other commercial documents such as check, bill of exchange, demand (promissory) note and warehouse receipt enjoys independent legal nature. Considering the importance of the marine bill of lading in international trade development, its setting, issuing and contents according to Iran Marine Law and different international conventions and its impact on the level of forthcoming commitments of the sides, is critical. We can point out that including the number of copies of bill of lading and its particular forms in any given person, to remit a certain person and the bearer that the transfer capability of each is different. Contents of bill of lading, terms and phrases, some explicit and some implicit form, also will be mentioned. Explicit and implicit terms of bill of lading are another topic to be discussed in this article.