نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی (واحد قائمشهر)، قائمشهر، ایران
2 قاضی دادگستری، دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی (واحد ساری)، ساری، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
parent company often set up subsidiaries because of the variety of investments, the use of skilled and efficient managers, and the cost savings. In the corporate business group, the parent company may, by resorting to the principle of " Independence of the legal personality of the company ", escape from liability by exploiting the coverage of the legal personality of the subsidiary for its fraudulent purposes. Therefore, it is important to explain the responsibility of the parent company as an exception to the principle of the independence of the legal personality and to identify possible ways of abusing it. The mother company can exploit the subsidiary's legal personality coverage for such purposes as escape from religion, tax evasion, and unfair trading practices such as monopoly competition. Based on this assumption and in the vacuum of special regulations, based on the activity and potential misuse of the group of companies in Iranian law, one can, according to the existing jurisprudential and legal rules, including the rule of " qui sentit commomum sentire debet et onus; he who gains the advantages also must suffer the burden" The, " deceive”, “liability for ownership or control”, "vicarious liability" and " causing " were responsible for the parent's liability for damages to third parties. In order to prevent potential abusive uses, it is imperative to develop mandatory screening laws, reform of the laws and the tax system, and the establishment of regulatory mechanisms in the corporate group.