عنوان مقاله [English]
Overseas criminal investigations in Cloud Computing and its data users face limitations stemming from the principle of territorial sovereignty and the principle of non-interference in foreign state affairs. But the United States is trying to pass these restrictions on domestic law by passing and enforcing CLOUD Act after failing in the Microsoft case. This is an experience that its achievements are facing other countries to avoid its negative dimensions. So investigating the legal aspects of the CLOUD Act, from function to its achievements and defections in overseas criminal investigations into cloud of technology companies, is the subject and purpose of this paper, which has been dealt with in a descriptive-analytical and critical approach. The main research question is, "what are the function and achievements of the CLOUD Act in the criminal justice system of the United States and other states in conducting overseas criminal investigations in Cloud Computing and its defections?" Research findings indicate that the CLOUD Act nevertheless directs the United States to its primary goal of accessing the stored data of the Cloud user in data center overseas. But access to data of Cloud Computing user in these circumstances is also affected by the disregard of the restrictions arising from the principle of territorial sovereignty and the principle of non-interference in foreign state affairs, which this time was justified in the domestic law stature but not permitted and accepted due to a violation of Cloud Computing user privacy restrictions.