عنوان مقاله [English]
Structural Fields Of Judicial Crimes In Judges Of Iran
The commission of judicial crimes by judges expresses the existence of defects in the judiciary and the personality of the judge. By dividing these objections into structural and individual, it seems that the impact of structural factors on the occurrence of such types of crime is more than individual factors. The structural elements are intended to cover a wide range of issues related to employment, training, pay and benefits, and how to manage the judiciary. In this research, in addition to the documentary method, by conducting qualitative interviews and conducting questionnaires from 130 judges of the judiciary, the structural contexts of the crimes committed by judges of Iran were comprehensively and objectively analyzed and criticized. During that time, suggestions will be submitted.
Based on this, proper selection and election, useful training, essential in-service training, strengthening of judicial independence, the preservation of elites and qualified judges, increasing job attractiveness, along with transparency and accountability of the judiciary, are effective in maximum decrease of crimes in judges of Iran.
Keywords: Judicial crime , Judicial corruption , White collar offender , Structure