عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the types of Ownerships’ Trusts, that are the product of the contract and the consent of the parties (owner and trustee). From the whole Civil Code Articles can be found Twelve examples of this type of Trusts in the form of nominated contracts that explicitly or implicitly have measured as trust contract.
This article is intended reply to this an important and practical question whether these twelve examples have a Limitative aspect and As a result, It cannot be added to the number of Nameless Contracts or it is Only examples of Nominated Trust Contracts and It doesn,t prevent the formation of Trust Contract based on article 10 of the Civil Code?
This question arising from the old disagreement over the scope of transactions or the freedom of will in creating is not new trading patterns. But the origin of this question, a different interpretation of Article 631 of the law was conducted. Some supporter of the theory of the limitative contract of trust and some also disagreed with it. The third theory, which is presented in this article, That is, Article 631 “Implies
non-limitative”, Something higher than “Not implying to limitative”.
The practical result of this answer, Correct and penetrating knowing of new types of Nameless Contract Which have become abundant in our time and the parties are willing to Sequence effects trust to them