نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
دانشیار گروه حقوق خصوصی و اسلامی دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the types of Ownerships’ Trusts is loan that is the result of a contract and agreement between the parties (owner and trustee). According to Iranian Civil Code Articles there are twelve examples of this type of Trusts in the form of nominated contracts that explicitly or implicitly have been measured as trust contract. This article is intended to answer this critical question that: “Do these twelve examples have a Limitative aspect and as a result, It cannot be added to the number of Nameless Contracts or they are merely examples of Nominated Trust Contracts and don’t prevent the formation of Trust Contract based on article 10 of the Civil Code? This disagreement over the scope of transactions or the freedom of will in creating new form of transactions, is not a new discussion. But the origin of this question, is the different interpretation of Article 631 made by lawyers. Some of them support the theory of the limitative contract of trust and others disagree with it. The third theory, which is presented in this article, is “Implies non-limitative”, an idea stronger than “Not implying to limitative”. The practical result of this answer, is the validity of new types of Nameless Contracts Which have become so common nowadays and the parties wish to arrange the effects of the trust on them.