عنوان مقاله [English]
By enacting the Islamic Panel code (act 2013) the Iranian legislator emphasized on the adoption of alternative community-based responses to children crime and this is known as a special attitude. This community punishment available in article 88, 89, 90 and 94 of the code, clearly shows this new attitude. The community punishment order (CPO) was first introduced as the community service order under the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1972 and it is now regulated within the Powers of the Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000. The community punishment and rehabilitation order (CPRO) were introduced by the Criminal Justice Act 1991 and is now regulated within the Powers of the Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 and is, in essence, the engagement between the community punishment order (CPO) and the community rehabilitation order (CRO). However, that legislative approach in the form of criminal policy reform social circuit judges to apply the most promising approaches based on care and correct response, but this approach has several challenges faced judicial proceedings. Effective implementation of these responses can be as effective.
Crown Prosecution Service (2004), The Code for Crown Prosecutors. London: Crown Prosecution Service, available online at:
(http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts2000/20000006.htm) for the text of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000.
(http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1989/Ukpga_19890041_en_1.htm#tcon) for the text of the Children Act 1989. The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children’s bibliography is available online at http://www.nspcc.org.uk/ Inform/Online Resources/ ReadingLists/HistoricalPerspectiveOnChildrenInCare/HistoryOfChildren InCare_asp_ifega 26170.html.