عنوان مقاله [English]
The new criminal laws that have been brought to the Islamic Penal Code by comparative and criminological studies are promising a new discipline in Iran's legislative and judicial criminal policy. Undoubtedly, the adherence of the judicial authority to each of the systems and practices of choosing the type and amount of punishment will have a fundamental impact on the criminal justice system and achieve its stated goals. The lack of comprehensive guidelines for determining punishment in the Criminal Code has led to the formation of non-consistent procedures in Iran's criminal tribunals, which not only resulted in the maximum and unjustified use of penalties such as imprisonment, but, depending on the kind of persuasive or exaggerated judgment, the issuing judge , Has led to the "happening of justice", while the type of crime and its effects are the same and the same. Hence, the principled and scientific procedure for the issuing of criminal sentences requires, on the one hand, comprehensive and precise review of the courts of appeals against the judgments of the first courts. On the other hand, at the level of legislative criminal law, the legislator should be in a set Use legal materials to determine the principles of the Code of Conduct for Determining Penalties to prevent unequal treatment in judicial procedures.