نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 قاضی دادگستری، دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
for the first time, , The ability of activities stopping that Containing criminal activity and Harmful to the public interest, in all matters of production, service, and trade, through the use of preventive measures, Came off in Article 114 of Criminal Procedure Code adopted 1392. Measures with this approach have previously been taken only on a case-by-case basis in scattered laws and regulations, until a more serious look was taken with the passage of the aforementioned article. Despite this positive action, some challenges have led to a lack of full utilization of its capabilities and capabilities. The purpose of this paper is to design a conceptual model of the existing challenges and pathologies of Article 114 of the Criminal procedure code
. The approach of this research is qualitative-exploratory. The paper concludes that there are fundamental challenges in the three categories of legislative, judicial, and executive. In the legislative category, the sub-categories of Deficiencies in the principles of a fair trial (Includes Measures nature ambiguity, lack of effective judicial Supervision, the uncertainty of the scope of the measures, Non-assignment of periodic reviews), ambiguous basic concepts, the lack of basic characteristics in dangerous attainment. In the judiciary category, the sub-categories of maximum-minimum perceptions, the conflict of rights and freedoms of activities with the public interest;, and In the Executive category, the sub-categories of the lack of necessary mechanisms; The unpredictability of effective implementation strategies and economic consequences can be examined. The conceptual model of the pathology of Article 114 of Criminal procedure code is also designed and presented on this basis.