نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 قاضی دادگستری، دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی (واحد تهران شمال)، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
he mental disposition of individualism and natural law advocates is the main trough of the "right not to be punished". This right is an innovative and great disputable issue among the law philosophers of Criminal Law. Multidimensionality and ambiguity of "right" and "punishment" have caused a wider area of the aforementioned challenge. This article presents the meaning of the "right to not be punished" besides doing some studies on its main philosophical and criminological foundations through the descriptive-analytic method. The findings of the study indicate that the "right to not be punished" is in the category of a priori, natural and fundamental human rights and is of the type of "conditional negative claim-right". Human dignity, philosophical principles of avoiding harm and harassment as philosophical theories of pressure, radical (critical) and labelling are among the criminological foundations of the formation of this right, which has made its philosophical underpinnings more understandable and acceptable by referring to other researches in social sciences. It is obvious that paying attention to the concept and foundations of the aforesaid right, results in reasonable saving on both criminalization and sentencing in criminal law.