عنوان مقاله [English]
Committing a crime for self - defense is justified provided that, instead of defending against attacker, this crime is necessary for repelling the danger. In cases of escape possibility, because of elimination of danger repelling necessity, prohibition of battery and murder for “ nahye az monkar” without permission of ruler, and respect for the attacker right to life, it is not justified to use deadly self – defense. Deadly self - defense refers to inflict grievous bodily harm, or using cold weapon or firearm thereby puts the attacker right to life at risk. This article studied the topic with descriptive analytical methodology, and concluded If the defender, despite of escape possibility, uses deadly self – defense, thereby commits an intentional crime against the person, considering Islamic jurisprudent bases of note 2 of article 302 Islamic penal code, legal interpretation, and case law of supreme court, he will be subject to the rule of the mentioned note. Studying the United States legal system comparatively also shows that in compliance with the “ duty to retreat “, deadly self – defense could not be used.