نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
استادیار گروه حقوق بینالملل، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Statute is the most important source of Law in countries with civil law system. Understanding the nature of the statute and its differences from similar concepts such as “policy” is a requisite of comprehension for legal and judicial systems and holds an effective role in creation of legal norms and applying them. There are different experts in the field of law like, judicial sciences, public policy making, social sciences, economy, linguistics and etc. all taking role in policy making process, especially judicial policy making. But the question is “What is the nature of legislation?” “What is the role of law in forming the statute?”, “What is the specific nature of a judicial bill” and “What is the role of the judiciary in judicial policy-making”?
The sovereignty of state is applied by different political bodies and powers. Systematic cooperation of governmental bodies (Including the judiciary) in doing their duties is a requisite of good governance. Several state bodies take part in process of ratification of the statute. Desirable function of the statute depends on proper functioning of competent institutions in the policy cycle. The question which will be discussed here is that “What is the role of judiciary in judicial policy making process?”
In this research, by descriptive-analytical method and using library and web resources we will try to answer the mentioned questions. According to the findings of this study primarily, legislation is a political act. In the process of judicial policy making, law has both a reinforcing role and a limiting role; the role of the judiciary is also important in the various stages of that process (from problem identification to evaluation and providing corrective solutions).