عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
One of the present main legal, social and economic problems of the country which has turned into a government’s and the judiciary’s concern is the phenomenon of Speculation. This phenomenon is important both economically and environmentally which is required to be dealt with by criminal law–as preserving the main values in the society. Such an approach will necessitate the proactive (preventive) and reactive (punitive) measures and requires a detailed understanding of this phenomenon, its extent and methods used in its analysis. Once we intend to deal with this phenomenon, we will encounter various significant gaps and vacuums such as lack of clear definition, lack of clear domain, and eventually lack of specific criminal measure regarding the many acts done by the speculators. Also through scrutinizing the existing rules and regulations relevant to the public and state lands, we come to understanding that not only our existing law cannot prevent this phenomenon, but also in some cases, the law aggravates and propagates such a phenomenon. Also because speculation is mostly done by those white collar offenders who are influential in the society and have the political, social, economic relations , such contradictory laws and their pores make easier for those people to do so.
So, the first step in dealing with this phenomenon is eliminating regulatory gaps and enacting comprehensive laws which preserve the natural and national resources of the country.