عنوان مقاله [English]
As the emergence of the internet has brought a lot in all scientific and practical positive aspects, with the possibility of accessing intellectual property rights, it has created challenges in this field. One of the common examples of violation of these rights has been the phenomena of cybersquatting, which the authors of this article should know by examining the methods and has raised the central question of legal ways to resolve the dispute caused by that. In the present research, first by descriptive method, the concepts of trademark, domain name, and cybersquatting have been defined. Then, with a method of analysis and comparison, the process of hearing this category of claims in the WIPO Mediation and Arbitration Center with references to the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (icon), it has been examined and compared with the existing methods in some national and regional law systems.
The findings of this research will reveal while the principle of the jurisdiction of the courts is universal, and there is no doubt about the possibility of litigation in the national judiciary, still, the disadvantages of such a method, such as the choice of the competent authority, the rule of law, and the execution of verdicts, have always led the parties to the arbitration. In this regard, the UDRP rules contain rules for dealing with such claims that many countries have tried to settle disputes arising out of the registration of a domain that is contrary to the rights of the trademark owner by localizing its rules; The United Kingdom, Australia, and ASEAN members, among others, have different approaches.