نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 قاضی دادگستری، دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
2 استادیار گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Being the litigant of the insurer together with the responsible of the accident is legally and economically justifiable for the injured party, but explaining the responsibility of multiple defendants to pay a single debt is one of the problems of the judge in issuing a verdict; In such a way that in some cases the subject of litigation to one of the defendants is silenced or the litigation is completely rejected. The purpose of this study is to explain the position of the insurer and the person who caused the accident in the lawsuit with descriptive and analytical methods, in addition to recognizing the need to decide on each of them, to explain their responsibility in the sentence and to provide logical theories for compensation. The inference of the independent or collective liability of the insured and the insurer is based on various reasons. Sharing liability between the insured and the insurer has no logical or legal basis, and the liability of the insurer's collateral does not serve the purpose of better compensating the injured party. Court waiting for invoking the injured party to the insurance contract also does not solve the problem of explaining the liability of multiple defendants, and differences in the type and amount of liability remain. Recognition of joint and several liability of the insured and the insurer in the Compulsory Insurance Law adopted in 2016 is compatible with the aim of better guaranteeing the injured party, and some law bases and legal justifications justify the need for the theory of joint and several liability of the insurer and person who caused the accident.