عنوان مقاله [English]
Corruption in the government is as old as the government itself and is a serious problem, and dealing with it is no less important than maintaining the security and survival of the government. Today, disclosure is considered as one of the ways to prevent and fight corruption and crimes in the government and in public organizations and institutions. Although the widespread use of disclosure in the form of motivating and supporting whistleblowers is not a definitive way to eradicate corruption, it is one of the tools of development, improving governance, and creating governments and organizations with moral and legal health. For this reason, the functions of disclosure in combating and preventing corruption are in the spotlight more than ever. Although some consider disclosure to be a form of espionage and espionage, in many countries this practice is seen as a result of courage, commitment and adherence to morality. Is. Exposers are considered to be the most important factor in preventing potentially dangerous mistakes from leading to disaster. But even the most famous and successful whistleblowers have all gone through a very difficult, long and risky path and have faced very strong reactions. Despite the growing emphasis on disclosure and efforts to provide legal protection to whistleblowers, the realization of this phenomenon still faces many obstacles. Paying attention to these barriers and analyzing them can be the basis for drafting laws and providing effective criminal protection to facilitate disclosure. Of course, paying attention to the boundaries of freedom of information and expression, information privacy, transparency and disclosure, as well as using the experiences of other legal systems as well as Iranian law sources, are key points of this process.