نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Human rights are traditionally discussed in public law and in government-citizen relations, but this does not mean denying its impact on private law. In contract law, principles such as the rule of will or freedom of contract are themselves in line with human rights principles, but are not sufficient to fully protect fundamental human rights. For this purpose, it is necessary that other principles can be introduced as principles in line with traditional principles in contract law. The most basic principle of human rights is the principle of human dignity. The question is, to what extent and in what way can this principle be applied in contract law? Can fundamental rights derived from this human rights principle be revoked by a contract? In this article, with emphasis on various cases in the jurisprudence of some countries and the European Court of Human Rights, we have come to the conclusion that The principle of freedom, which includes important rights such as human dignity, the right to respect for family life, and the principle of non-discrimination, which encompasses various aspects, sometimes as a limiting factor of the will to prevent the infringement of a condition or contract contrary to them and sometimes fundamental rights arising from these principles. As general civil rights, they are also partially irrevocable or revocable. The research method has been library and by studying the judicial practice of countries and Iran.