نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دکتری حقوق عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی (واحد تهران جنوب)، تهران، ایران
2 استاد بازنشستۀ گروه حقوق، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)، تهران، ایران
3 دانشیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشگاه علوم انتظامی امین، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Human security means the conditions under which the vital core of human life is protected.Although the government has an important role to provide security,it should be seen as a means to provide it,not a matter or a source of security.This doctrine in the broadest sense means freedom from need and freedom from fear and living with dignity,since there's no accepted definition of it,it can be divided into minimalist and maximalist schools.The article's purpose isto examine the duties and authority of NAJA with an emphasis on the minimalist of human security,which believes that lasting stability isn't achieved ,unless people are protected against violent threats to their rights,security or lives.Regarding the mentioned issues,this study aims to answer the question"What are the responsibilities of the IRI police in achieving personal,political and social security?"It has been written with a descriptive-analytical approach,using the library method. According to the research 'findings,based on law,establishing order and security,providing public and personal comfort is one of the main missions of NAJA. Hence,eliminating the threats posed in the security components based on freedom from fear directly or indirectly,is under its duties. So the performance of the police in achieving these security areas must be improved in accordance with the philosophy of the NAJA existence and the goals of human security,which is to maintain the security and dignity of individuals.The change in the duties and powers of NAJA isn't a matter of choice, it's an inevitable necessity.That the most important of its effects will be the guarantee and promotion of the citizenship rights increasing the public trust in the police ,intensification of the community centered police,establishing more discipline and security and increasing the legitimacy and acceptability of the system.