نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق عمومی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Along with concentrating on enhancing Independence of judges and judiciary from executive power, Importance and necessity of judicial accountability (both judges and judiciary) have been concentrated in many studies.
Accountability of judiciary as an institution is related to managerial level of this branch and performance of its authorities in administering of it and executing relevant laws. Here, Judiciary is seen as an organization has some of the state responsibilities. With attention to importance of maintaining judicial independence, mechanisms of judicial accountability have been concentrated. In this essay, we illustrate the concept of judicial independence and accountability, mechanisms of accountability of judiciary in comparative law and legal situation of judicial independence and accountability in Iran.