عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The judiciary has the task of supervision on the performance of the laws in judicial sphere. This task is done mainly through the supervision of the superior courts to the verdicts issued by the courts. Mistake in law, sometimes requires administrative or criminal sanctions, without making the issued verdict invalid; and in some cases it can lead, in addition to the mentioned sanctions, to invalidation of the verdict. To indicate the cause of the invalidation of the verdict, the legislator has used the phrase “mistake”, but it seems that the deliberate acts which make the verdict invalid , all have the same effect. So, it seems preferable to use the phrase “infringe” instead of the phrase “mistake”. The present paper considers the infringes which lead to invalidation of criminal verdicts.